In the pre-modern context, the term "psychology" refers to the general study of human mind and behaviour, while the term "mind" refers more generally to human intellect and consciousness. The term Islamic philosophy is narrower in approach and draws ideas mainly from Qur'an and Hadith. 5/8 Dr Malik Badri “Religion, spirituality and psychology: Islamic perspective” - Duration: 54:36. Islamic Psychology or ilm an-nafs (Science of the Soul) is an important introductory textbook drawing on the latest evidence in the sub-disciplines of psychology to provide a balanced and comprehensive view of human nature, behaviour and experience. Islamic Psychology 101 Journal of Islamic Ethics 2 (2018) 97–109 a cumulative knowledge base. In Islam, the mentally ill are considered incapable yet deserving of humane treatment and protection. As we all know, it’s important to not only look after another’s spiritual health by allowing them to pray Salah where and when they want, not distracting them from their Quran, and forever encouraging to progress in Islamic and Arabic knowledge etc – but we should also look after each other’s physical and mental health. Others think it is a domain that focuses on understanding the nature and structures of the self from an Islamic perspective such as fiṭra (primordial disposition), nafs (self), qalb (heart), rūḥ (soul/spirit), ‘aql (intellect), etc. Some think it’s psychology for Muslims. This ranges from simply moving an obstruction from a pathway, to giving good and sufficient food for guests, to visiting the sick, which all could be connected to the hadith:“None of you will truly believe until you love for your brother what you love for yourself.”(Bukhari & Muslim)The Abbasid’s truly lived up to this. Islam recognises that all children, whether born of believing or unbelieving parents, go to Paradise if they die before attaining the age of discretion. What is Islamic Psychology? Al Balagh is offering Islamic Psychology and Counselling innovative online course in collaboration with IHSAAN (A dedicated Islamic Psychological Therapy Service). 1. When it comes to the emotional and mental struggles of people, Muslims scholars have typically advised people to cope through religious rituals such as prayers and fasting and … Islamic Psychology, or commonly known with Muslims as Ilm al-Nafs, is both a medical and philosophical study of the nafs [self or psyche] from an Islamic point of view. Session is over. Islamic psychology is the concept of modern psychology that has undergone filtering and in it there are insights of Islam. The Caliphate clearly out did us all because the hospitals were so advanced in organisation, treatment (medically and supportively) as well as general recovery. Islamic Psychology (Ilm Ul Nafs) is the study of the “self” (nafs) or the “psyche” from an Islamic Perspective with concepts that are not included in western forms of studying the field i.e the unseen influences, the impact of destiny, the sway of the shaytaan and the inclusion of the soul. According to professor Yusuf Ameen (Aligarh Muslim University), “Islamic psychology is transcendental psychology, it contributes to our world view, affects our notion of reality and our moral view”. Friday, Sep. 28, 2018 | 20:00 - 20:30 GMT. Posted by About Islam on Friday, 28 September 2018. Whilst many Muslim scholars contributed to the study of Islamic Psychology, others’ works were lost in movement and time – there are a few names that should be noted for their significance to Islamic Psychology today.We have Ibn Cinna (Avicenna) who proposed that humans have 7 inner senses that complimented the outer senses: Common sense, Retentive imagination, Composite animal and human imagination, Estimative power, Memory and Processing. Al-Ghazali was one of the first to introduce the ego-centrism trait of children from birth and the idea of fear being taught or learned from experiences. Islamic Psychology in Practice . A holistic understanding of the human being that is grounded in the knowledge of the soul from the Islamic tradition and focuses on … It is a comprehensive course on a faith-based theoretical understanding of Human Psychology from the perspective of Islam. However, the best way to describe the kind of Islamic psychology that gives our institution a reason to exist is that it is simply psychology but underpinned by an Islamic epistemological, ontological, and metaphysical worldview. What is Islamic Psychology Islamic psychology (IP) is difficult to define because it is conceptualized in so many different ways. His psychology led him to develop fear, shock and musical therapy which put the belief – “mental ailments are due to devils/possession”, at rest (see how backward we are?). Some may say that it is a part of daily life and should just be “gotten on with”, some may say that hardships should stay between yourself and your relationship with Allah, others may say the classic – jinn influence, whilst others may say “this is something new, and has never been considered before”. All of which basically underlie common materials used to teach psychology today, and his proposal has also been the referral point for many to come after him that have studied specific aspects individually. Intro to Islamic Psychology with Karim Serageldin. As Islamic Psychology pays attention to the inner spiritual part of the Self, and to the subtle relationship of the body with spiritual and mental states, a holistic Islamic Psychological therapyshould also be able to access various therapies that includes Quran recitation, Ṭibb, Ḥijāma (cupping), the sunnasports; and traditionally, music, scent, colour and architecture. Required fields are marked *. Unlike medieval Christian physicians who relied on demonological explanations for mental illness, medieval Muslim physicians relied mostly on clinical psychiatry and clinical psychology, and clinical observations on mentally ill patients. View Islamic psychology Vs modern psychology comparative Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Psychology is perhaps the one field that has been given the least consideration by Muslims. Some think it’s psychology by Muslims. DISCLAIMER They made significant advances to psychiatry and were the first to provide psychotherapy and moral treatment for mentally ill patients, in addition to other new forms of treatment such as baths, drug medication, music therapy and occupational therapy. There is also Ibn Khaldun who would be described as today’s behaviourist as he proposed that personality is shaped by an individual’s surroundings and environment. It was written in the scripture (Sura 4:5 of the Qur’an) that the mentally ill must be cared for, must be treated humanely, and be told good words by a custodian or the state itself. From this, we can’t help but wonder the extent to which his ideas influenced the idea of self-assessment in today’s practices. The Abbasid’s did not discriminate between the sane and insane, but also did not discriminate between religions. The field of psychology is often assumed to have been developed primarily in the modern era. He began with Aristotle's idea that humans possessed three types of soul, the vegetative, animal and rational psyches. A life is a life, and a human is a human.If those before us, way before us were able to recognise, diagnose and treat mental illnesses, and if those before us, way before us mastered concepts that appear to be so “common” for us today, and if those before us, way before us gave birth to some aspects of Psychology as a discipline – why can’t we do the bare minimum? “…and he who relieved a Muslim from hardship Allah would relieve him from the hardships to which he would be put on the Day of Resurrection…” (Sahih Muslim, 32/6250) Mental Healthcare The Golden Age of Islam was unique in … Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In that regard, some of our work addresses this worldview within the psychology context explicitly, other times it is merely the backdrop. From astronomy to mathematics, but medicine and health always remained top priority due to the importance of looking after those around you and yourself as Muslims. In the same way, Avicenna's Islamic psychology propos… The conceptual tools of psychology aim to explain the complexity of phenomena that psychotherapists observe in their patients and within themselves, as well as to predict the outcome of therapy. It deals with problems of behaviors especially in Muslim context. Read more about Islamic Psychology below: Copyright ©2019 The Alkaram Institute. In Islamic psychology, the spiritual component of an individual is crucial to the nature of a human being and is distinct from an individual‟s psychological and biological components. What is Islamic Psychology? As with the Ancient Greek psychology, it is important to remember that the Muslim scholars did not have a specific term for psychology and did not identify themselves as psychologists. Aristotle's philosophy of mind inIslamic philosophy is a combination of what we would today callpsychology and physiology, and is not limited to investigations of ourrational faculty. islam and the psychology of the muslim a reprint of: islam and the psychology of the musulman andre servier translated by a. s. moss-blundell with a preface by … The objective of this paper is to provide an Islamic perspective on the psychology of motivation. It is related to the external (Shariya) aspects of the Qur'an as … Although there are many verses in the Qur’an that speak to each one of these elements, we have chosen a … The view acted as lead for ideas such as the Nature vs Nurture debate and experimental grounds for biological and behaviourists advocates. Some also describe it as an “Islam and Psychology” movement. C. RESULT AND DISCUSSIONS . Islam as you may well already know, and if not, then soon you will witness, has the natural constructs of positive psychology embedded in the teachings of the Qur’an. (Taken from the inaugural session at the International Conference of … He stayed loyal to Greek ideas of internal balance, but pushed further by saying belief is one component that could affect all aspects of the body. 1 Introduction. Like the Greeks, the scholars did not have a term for “psychology” and did not class themselves as psychologists; rather they approached it in a practical way which looked at ways to cure, heal and balance the body than to just theorize. Your email address will not be published. Najub Uddin Muhammad’s works were found to be incredibly detailed about many mental disorders such as depression, paranoia, sexual dysfunctions amongst many others and his observation approach most certainly influenced many other scholars in the field at that time, but also many psychologists that appeared later on.During this time, Islam was flourishing and many would describe the years from 750CE – 1258CE as Islam’s Golden Age. Islamic Psychology practitioners assist people in understanding their struggles in life within the context of an Islamic paradigm and help them to chart their way through these difficulties toward increased equilibrium through a deeper connection with God using the support and guidance of the Qur’an and the Sunnah (Prophetic tradition) as a guiding light and a systematic … However important, the “mind” orintellect, with its practical and theoretical aspects, is only part ofthe falâsifa's “science of thesoul.” Their main sources are found in three Aristoteliantreatises: On the Soul (De anima), On Sense and Sensibilia(De Sensu et Sensibili), and On Memory and Recollection(De Memoria et Re… Still others think it is the Islamization of psychology whereby theological explanations are given for psychological phenomenon, although the term Islamization also has a variety of meanings. Islamic Psychology (Ilm Ul Nafs) is the study of the “self” (nafs) or the “psyche” from an Islamic Perspective with concepts that are not included in western forms of studying the field i.e the unseen influences, the impact of destiny, the sway of … Your email address will not be published. As a Sufi, he firmly believed that self-observation and self-analysis were key to understanding mental illnesses and discover hidden sources of internal problems. However, if we look back into our rich Islamic history, you can’t help but wonder “how on earth did civilisation progress, when fundamental influences were forgotten and our values turned backwards?”Muslims are often proud of their ancestors and Islamic discoveries that were brought to the west i.e coffee, maps, clocks and surgical instruments but when it comes to Psychology and “mental healing”, we are all a bit lost and fail to claim the success – maybe it is because we are not so successful with it today.The history of psychology began with the ancient Greeks, but it is what the Middle Eastern scholars of that time took to their houses of knowledge and wisdom that shaped psychology which would later influence Europe as it underwent the first renaissance. Most of the contemporary scholarship that has been somewhat indiscriminately characterized as Islamic Psychology might better be referred to as ‘Islam and Psychology” (Kaplick & Skinner, 2017), partly due to the lack of an agreed upon definition or theoretical model (some definitions may be found in: Hamid, 1977; Vahab, 1996; Khan, 1996; Abdul Razaq & … First, the paper will provide an Islamic What is Islamic Psychology? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Modern attempts at reviving the medieval Islamic study of the mind have referred to it as "Islamic psychology", though this term should not be confused with the modern discipline of psychology, which began in the 19th century. He also brought into the world of psychology the idea of needs, and proposing that human personality has urges and desires that need to be satisfied for optimal functioning – although his version was categorised more sharply compared to the likes of Maslow’s “Hierarchy of needs”, his model did provide significant guidelines to categorising mental needs/wants. There were separate wards for male, female, internal disease, surgical patients, contagious disease, and the mentally ill. Extensive training, advanced facilities and specialists were always at hand to give the best possible care and treatment for all patients, including non-muslims. Psychology of Islam is a branch of psychology of religion which studies human behavior and mental process from Islamic perspectives. All About Worldview Khurshid Ahmad gives us a great summary related to Islamic psychology: “He [God] created man and appointed for each human being a fixed period of life which he is to spend upon the earth. This added somatic/psychosomatic illnesses/disorders to the dictionary of Psychology.We have big guys like Muhammad Zakariyah-e-Razi (Razi/Rhases) who contributed too many fields in the sciences, but his observations about the human mind were particularly interesting. All of these various conceptualizations have a certain validity to them. After the Abbasid’s were established and Baghdad had become their capital – strengthening of power and expansion of their empire meant the accumulation of knowledge, especially within the sciences. In our view, IP is not about preaching religion, rather, Islam serves as a wellspring and inspiration from which we attempt to create a scientific discipline in which we find solutions to some of the biggest problems psychology faces today. This is a theoretical paper based on reviews of past secondary sources of Islamic and psychology literature. Ibn Sina (981 - 1037 CE) was the major influence upon the history of Islamic psychology, taking the ideas of the Greek philosophers and adapting them to fit Islamic doctrine. It is clear, from the Qur'an and hadith that every child is born with a uncontaminated nature, as a Muslim. All Rights Reserved, Islamic Psychology: Towards a 21st Century Definition and Conceptual Framework, Human Interaction with the Divine, the Sacred, and the Deceased, The Seven Limbs Character Development Intervention. Early Muslim scholars wrote extensively in the area of human psychology, although, the term "psychology" did not exist at that time. The first two bind humans to the earth, and the rational psyche connects them to God. Islamic psychology or Ilm-al Nafsiat (Arabic,علم النفس) refers to the study of the Nafs (meaning "self" or "psyche" in Arabic) in the Islamic world, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age (8th–15th centuries) as well as modern times (20th–21st centuries), and is related to psychology… Early Muslim scholars wrote extensively in the area of human psychology, although, … There could be plenty of reasons why they decided to drive and fund further into the hospitals – one being the fact that in Islam, the less fortunate are those that should be given the most attention, from the physically disabled, to financial struggles, to those mentally unwell. Islamic Psychology - Muslims acknowledge that we are God’s vice regents on earth but reject the idea that we are made in God’s image. Some call it Muslim psychology. of Islamic Psychology in human development. He made statements concerning the human emotional conditions and made suggestions for their treatment, focusing in particular on nutrition and food. Islamic psychology was based upon looking at ways to cure and heal, rather than merely theorize. He suggested saying that if one believed that he could get better, his physical ailment would be defeated, conversely, a healthy person could become sick, if they believed they would become sick. Some think IP is about using prayer or other spiritual interventions in psychotherapy. Some think it’s psychology about Muslims. 2. So Islamic Psychology is defined as an Islamic perspective on modern psychology by removing concepts that are not appropriate and contrary to the concept of Islam. Some think it is synonymous with the works of early Muslims scholars like Al-Ghazali, Al-Balkhi, Al-Razi, and others. Islamic Psychology Helping others is very much encouraged in Islam and the work of therapist or counsellor is very beneficial to the whole society. Islamic Psychology also addresses topics within psychology with Islamic teachings, history, values and ideas as the basis such as neuroscience, philosophy of the mind, psychiatry, medicine and therapy.Psychology is defined as the scientific study of the human mind, its functions and its patterns i.e thought processes and perceptions; how it influences behaviour or the influence of a particular character on behaviour and more generally speaking mental state of mind.When Islam is attached to Psychology and made into an academic study and discipline you begin to question how long can the Muslim community possibly ignore mental health, the effects, the causes and the avenues to recovery? He also made excellent observations on the usage of conditional therapy, centuries before the behavioural psychologists of the 20th century.Other notables include Al-Ghazali who possibly laid the foundations for leading Child Psychologists such as Piaget and the concept of association, learning and condition for behaviourists such as Pavlov and John Watson.
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