3rdly, To engage his dear son Timothy's fidelity, he mentions the apostacy of some as a warning, and the steadfastness of Onesiphorus, as an encouragement to him. happy souls, that serve God with a pure heart, and receive the gospel with unfeigned faith and love, after the example of religious ancestors; and lay themselves out to propagate it in like manner to others! The Lord] That is, God the Father "grant he may find mercy of the Lord," that is, of God the Son, as "Jehovah from Jehovah," Genesis 19:24. 4. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". 2013. And if it were not certain that Onesiphorus would find it, it is not certain that others will find it. Cooper.). ), Paul’s good wish on behalf of Onesiphorus. Hence it follows, also, that when God rewards us, it is not on account of our merits or of any excellence that is in us; but that the best and most valuable reward which he bestows upon us is, when he pardons us, and shews himself to be, not a stern judge, but a kind and indulgent Father. (4) in the general apostasy, the turning away of those on whom he might have relied, it is refreshing and interesting, to find mention made of one unshaken friend; 2 Timothy 1:16. Without a Divine revelation, we do not know that God is merciful at all. It appears that Paul suffered greater hardship in this final imprisonment in Rome. It cannot be supposed impossible or even improbable that St Paul should have shared in the practice, which the Christian Church seems to have taken over from Judaism. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". 18 Timothy, my son, I am giving you this command in keeping with the prophecies once made about you, so that by recalling them you may fight the battle well, 19 holding on to faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and so have suffered shipwreck with regard to the faith. If he would still hope for happiness he is conscious that he cannot demand it from the justice, but that he must entreat it from the mercy of God. In how many things - `how many acts of ministry he rendered.'. “That he may find mercy;” for he who hath been merciful to his neighbors will receive such mercy from God to himself. IV. The question has been much debated whether Onesiphorus was alive or dead at the time of writing, a question which in the absence of fuller information about him it is impossible to answer with certainty. A man can never deserve mercy. I must remind you again, that it is not mere kindness or goodness. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Such consequence did this day possess in St. Paul’s view, that the importance of everything on earth was estimated by its remote or immediate relation to it. 1909-1922. He speaks of Phygellus and Hermogenes, with others, and closes with Onesiphorus (v. 15to the end).Verses 1-5 Here is, I. We can never have done with mercy As long as we are in the way to heaven; or rather, mercy will never have done with us. When Paul was at Ephesus, it would seem that Onesiphorus had showed him great kindness. Did he request his noble converts in the palace--for some such there were of the emperor’s household--to exert their power to procure for Onesiphorus some post of honour and emolument in the civil or military establishment of Rome? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-1.html. Was he not ashamed of the sufferings he endured for the gospel? “That day.” The day is that which is elsewhere called “the last day,” because then the end of this world’s history, as a place of trial at least, will be come; it is called also “the great day,” because then scenes unparalleled before in grandeur will be unfolded, and affairs that have never been surpassed in magnitude will be transacted--such scenes and affairs as will throw into the shade the most splendid spectacles and momentous transactions of time. To such a being he can scarce imagine that his littleness and weakness should ever seem to be the proper object either of esteem or regard. (3) yet his mind is calm, and his faith in the gospel is unshaken. The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. 1. He expresses no regret that he had embraced the gospel; no sorrow that he had been so zealous in it as to bring these calamities upon himself. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". But there are some of us, perhaps, who have no very clear ideas of what mercy is. The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day - The day of judgment; notes at 2 Timothy 1:12. Enlightened Christian affection is especially solicitous about the eternal well being of its objects. They on whom he might have relied, had left him; and to all his outward sufferings, there was added this, one of the keenest which his Master endured before him, that his friends forsook him, and left him to bear his sorrows alone. How painfully memorable, at least to the nation immediately concerned, was the day that beheld the final destruction of Jerusalem, and the rejection and dispersion of its devoted race! How should it be ever in our view, that great decisive day, when our eternity of happiness or misery must be determined! But more wonderful still will be that day when the purpose for which the world has been created shall have been accomplished, and, like a faded vesture, it shall be folded up. Spurgeon. Daily Bible Study From 2 Timothy 1:1-18. find of the Lord, is comprehensive of all good, both corporal and spiritual, which he prays God the Father to grant to this good man, to find from the Lord Jesus Christ in that day when he shall come to judge the quick and the dead; for he had not only ministered to the apostle while he was a prisoner at Rome, but many ways at Ephesus, (where probably this Onesiphorus lived), which Timothy, being there, well knew. 1. And then again mercy is closely allied to grace. Its event, the assembly of quick and dead, and the last assize. 2. It baptized them, if I may be allowed the expression, with the Holy Ghost, in the name of Jesus Christ. They “hastened unto” it; that is again, they would have met it if they could. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. Daily devotional with John Piper. 2 Timothy 1:18. Renewal 1960. And in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well.—These services rendered to St. Paul at Ephesus are placed side by side with those things he had done for him at Rome, but as they are mentioned after, they perhaps refer to kind offices undertaken for the prisoner by Onesiphorus after his return from Rome to Ephesus. We feel as soon as we begin to think, that we cannot estimate as we ought the importance of this day. We cannot enter into the spirit of this prayer, unless we keep in mind throughout the character of this Onesiphorus. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/2-timothy-1.html. His Mission and Authority – “apostle of Christ Jesus” He is at the close of his ministry, having fulfilled his mission; writes like a last will and testament He had been kind to him in former years of comparative honor, and he did not leave him now in the dark day of adversity. But do you not feel that all these days, whether of transient or permanent importance, are so utterly insignificant, when viewed in relation to that day, that the comparison involves in it a kind of incongruity, and is truly a lowering of the awful dignity of the subject? Our guilt arises from our personal disobedience to the Divine law. But proof positive we have not got here. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus. This verse is almost identical with 1 Tim. The reference to the great day of judgment falls in with this hypothesis. A.). But ten thousand times rather would I have laid this poor and apparently helpless captive under obligations to me by kindness to him, than have merited, by the most splendid civil or military services, the gratitude and reward of him who wore the imperial purple. No murmur is heard from his heart; he is persuaded that all things work together for good to them that love God; the miserable uncertainty of friendship, the defection of cowardly brethren, and the apostasy of once zealous professors, did not move him. The great object for which it exists is the administration of justice; that it may “render to every man according to his works.” If mercy, not justice, be its ruling principle, it is not easy to understand why it should exist at all. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-pauline-epistles/second-timothy very well — rather as Greek, “Thou knowest better” (than I can tell thee, seeing that thou art more of a regular resident at Ephesus). Nor will the largess be diminished, or the security invalidated, on the day of judgment. II. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. In every aspect in which we can view them, these were days big with consequence to the human family; but they were only the introductory scenes to the consummation of the mightiest drama that ever was, or will be, performed on the theatre of the world. Certainly this is not the end of government. Verse 3 ... Bible Commentary, 2 Timothy (Marion, Indiana: Cogdill Foundation, 1954), p. 187. Note; It is one of the bitterest pangs of suffering, to feel ourselves then deserted by those from whom we might reasonably, from their professions, have expected the greater comfort and support. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". It is also to be observed that the importance of an interest in Divine mercy at that day appears in the fact that if it be not then enjoyed the hope of it can be cherished no more. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-1.html. Where Pompeii was disinterred, there was discovered in the buried city the remains of those who still preserved the very attitude in which death had overtaken them. . "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". Such prayers were, as we know from 2 Maccabees 12:41-45, common among the Jews a century or more before St. Paul’s time, and there is good ground for thinking that they entered into the ritual of every synagogue and were to be seen in the epitaphs in every Jewish burial-place. As it will be the period when God will display the effects of His probationary dispensations, the worth of mercy will then particularly appear. They who dare commit their all to God, and look up to him for help, shall experience his almighty assistance in every time of need. Felix, qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas; Subjecit pedibus, strepitumque Acherontis avari! BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". 18May the Lord grant to him Some explain it thus: — “May God grant to him that he may find mercy with Christ the Judge.” And, indeed, this is somewhat more tolerable than to interpret that passage in the writings of Moses: “The Lord rained fire from the Lord,” (Genesis 19:24,). An affecting instance of this kind is recorded at the fifteenth verse of the chapter. An important blessing. The phrase, "unto me", is not in the Greek copies, though it is in the Vulgate Latin and in all the Oriental versions; wherefore the words may be understood of the things which Onesiphorus had ministered to Timothy, and to the church at Ephesus, and to the poor saints there; which Timothy was "better" acquainted with than the apostle could be, he being on the spot: and now since there were so many fallen off, and so few that remained hearty and faithful, but one Onesiphorus to all them that were in Asia; the apostle exhorts to firmness and constancy, in a dependence on the Spirit and grace of God, as follows. Broadman Press 1932,33. . The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. Note; (1.) This proves that Onesiphorus was then alive, as Paul would not offer prayer for him if he was dead. It will affect every body and every thing on the face of the earth, and to the greatest possible extent. Philemon 1:13 whom I wished to keep with me, that in your behalf he might minister to me in my imprisonment for the gospel; Huther’s expl., followed by Alf., seems the best, that δῴη ὁ κύριος had become so completely a formula that the recurrence did not seem harsh. There are but two periods in the history of the world that can be consistently compared, in point of importance to men, with that day--the day that dawned on the creation of our race, which was hailed by the sweet acclaim of the angelic hosts and the day that shone on the birth of the Son of God. And so it seems really to have been in the early ages of the Christian Church. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-1.html. The apostle implores in it mercy in that day for his godly friend; and what does he mean? There is such a thing as friendship, and there is such a thing as religion, and when they meet and mingle in the same heart, the one strengthens the other; and then neither persecution, nor poverty, nor chains, will prevent our doing good to him who is in prison and is about to die; see the notes at 2 Timothy 4:16. the Lord—who rewards a kindness done to His disciples as if done to Himself (Mt 25:45). When a criminal by his offence has forfeited his life, and is condemned to die; the king, from pity to the offender, or from some other consideration best known to himself, may grant a pardon and remit the sentence. At that period men will stand in need of mercy. Other days are important to some, but this wilt be important to all. But another mode of expressing friendship was left him, and as he was shut up to it by circumstances, so he turned to it with fondness. 1:18. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-1.html. How important to these lands of our nativity, and how worthy to be held in grateful remembrance, that day which witnessed the consummation of the glorious struggle that terminated in the vindication and establishment of our civil and religious liberties! 4. Amen." You are where sin may be forgiven, at once, and for ever. 2 Timothy 2:16-18. After the introduction (v. 1, v. 2) we have, I. Paul’s sincere love to Timothy ().II. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". V. Those who have the hope of mercy should desire its participation by others. Its glory, the revelation of Jesus from heaven upon the throne of judgment this will make it most memorable. But to say that there could be anything in the criminal which gave him a claim to mercy, would be to talk absurdly. Its coming will be solemnly proclaimed. We see: (1) A holy man imprisoned and about to die. Because our guilt is our greatest misery, mercy often signifies in Scripture pity shown to the guilty; in other words the forgiveness of our sins. WHAT a lovely representation Paul hath given in this Chapter, of the Covenant love, and faithfulness, of God the Father, in the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus! II. Another consideration, tending to enhance the value of the blessing, is that it will not be shared in by all. Bibliography"Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". The fact that Paul nowhere else prays for the dead is fatal to the notion here. John Trapp Complete Commentary. . We are ready to say, “God is good--His tender mercies are over all.” But when the pestilence is abroad in the city, and the tempest in the field--when the rivers overflow their banks, and the mildew blights the precious fruits of the earth--when the crimson tide of war rolls through a land--when men’s faces are black with famine--when the sea is strewn with wrecks--then we are filled with alarm, and say, “When I consider, I am afraid of Him.” Think again: What are the conceptions which have been formed of God by those who are destitute of revelation? This is a question of grave importance; easily answered with the Bible in our hands, but, apart from it, filling us with strange perplexity. In some respects mercy resembles goodness. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). If you violate a physical law, there is no mercy for you. It is immaterial whether we explain ὁ κύριος, in this verse, of God the Father, the source of judgment, or of God the Son, the instrument of judgment. He never swerved in his affections. 2 Timothy 1:1-18 KJV. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". Grant to him to and mercy (δωιη αυτωι ευρειν ελεος — dōiē autōi heurein eleos). His affection for him did not change when he became a prisoner. Did he muse on the number and steadfastness of his converts? See Blass, Grammar, pp. Again, if mercy is to be found at all, it must be sought through the mediation of Christ. The Day of Judgment. Note; Every faithful soul may regard death as a vanquished foe: when the sting of sin is taken out, we have nothing to fear, but every thing to hope; while through the grave we see the golden gates of life and immortality unfolded, and the bright beams of everlasting glory illuminating the dark valley of the shadow of death. 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