- Frohawk (1924). Average wingspan: 7/8 – 1 3/8 inches (2.2 – 3.5 cm) Flight pattern: Fast and erratic. The egg is large in comparison to the butterfly, being 0.80 mm. Therefore in a state of nature the larva of this butterfly attains full growth and pupates at the end of June or early in July." Before first moult, and thirteen days old, it measures 2.5 mm. This species is found in the southern half of England and Wales, and also around the Burren in Ireland. Would you like to see these gorgeous and rarely seen butterflies in the wild? Adults feed primarily on Honeydew (N/A). The males and females are slightly different in coloration – indeed they were once thought to be different species. The Oxford and Ampthill Clays are the only place in the UK where all five hairstreak butterflies naturally occur. There has been a recent increase in records and an extension of the range of this butterfly especially in the English Midlands and south-west Scotland, even in urban areas (including London) which may be related to improvements in atmospheric quality. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly leps.thenalls.net. It only opens its wings when it flies from one place to another. The sea urchin-shaped eggs are laid singly on the bark of the foodplant, typically at a fork in a branch that is on one- or two-year old growth that is in a sheltered area exposed to the sun. Along each side of the ridge is a longitudinal line of a very pale greenish-yellow, appearing almost white; these two lines are very close together and are subcutaneous, and show through the transparency from side to side. In Southern England, one butterfly species found among blackthorn hedgerows is the brown hairstreak. On both the first and last segments is a dorsal, shining, olive-brown disc, with a pair of pale olive-brown warts on the front edge of the anterior disc. The male has a small pale spot on the forewings made up of scent scales. The ground colour is a bright sienna or rust-red, becoming paler at the head, wings and limbs, all of which are streaked with dark purple-brown; the thorax and abdomen are speckled and blotched with the same dark colour; the largest blotches form sub-dorsal series; the spiracles are light amber. On sunny days the adults will rest with wings open, absorbing the sun's rays on their dark brown wings which gradually close as they warm up. It is not easily seen as an adult butterfly, because the males spend almost all their time feeding and mating high up on the tallest trees in the colony known as ‘master trees’. The eggs commenced hatching on April 7th, 1906, remaining seven months in the egg state. Females also spend their time on the master trees until the eggs have matured and they are ready to lay. Copyright © Peter Eeles 2002-2020. The long-term trend for this species shows a severe decline and it is therefore a priority species for conservation efforts. in length; it is very broad and flattened; the entire colouring is much more intensified than in the previous stage, the oblique markings are rich brown and the medio-dorsal stripe is dull black, the lightest sub-dorsal and lateral lines are primrose-yellow on the posterior segments, gradually becoming more ochreous on the middle segments; the anterior disc is a pale pearly colour, and that on the posterior segment is darker; the spiracles are brown. It has exactly the appearance of having been dipped into purplish dye. This is the largest hairstreak found in the British Isles. Hairstreak butterfly identification Both sexes are similar, and can be easily confused with the White-letter Hairstreak. The Purple Hairstreak is a butterfly species frequently seen fluttering high up around oak trees during the sunny months of July and August. The sides are flattened, the ventral surface very flat, so that when viewed end on it forms a triangle. British Butterflies - Various. They usually rest on the under side of the leaves." Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. The eggs are bun-shaped but, on closer examination, more closely resemble a sea urchin. The Gray Hairstreak is a species of butterflies common in almost entire North America and is very common throughout their range. The eggshell is not eaten and may be found some time after the larva has emerged. Except being rather richer in colour, it is similar in all respects to the previous stage. The upper surface is sprinkled with minute curved white bristles, which are developed on the two last segments surrounding the spiracles into fine white hairs with long pectinations; above the dorsal yellow line is a fringe of whitish bristles curving backwards, and along the lateral ridge is a fringe of longer bristles projecting and curving slightly downwards; this fringe extends all round the larva. Before first moult it measures 2.5 mm. This species does not travel or disperse over great distances. White Letter Hairstreak Ardea Wildlife Pets Environment . The northernmost sites are found in North Lincolnshire. Des milliers de nouvelles images de grande qualité ajoutées chaque jour. From the fourth segment inclusive there is no dorsal furrow, consequently the dorsal ridge diverges, or rather widens out over the three anterior segments, leaving the space between sunken and giving rise to the compressed anterior segment. Surrey, 1976 . The Purple hairstreak is the only butterfly in the UK which is entirely reliant on the oak tree. The brown hairstreak butterfly (Thecla betulae) is severely declining in the UK with a 49% reduction in occurrence between 1976 and 2014 (Fox et al. Owing to the late spring of 1901, the oak buds were only just starting to develop in size at the time of the hatching of the eggs on April 8th, therefore the author removed the outer husks and placed the young larva on the tender green embryonic leaves, which they readily fed upon. long. 45470-00034-826 FLPA Images. and umbellifers (Apiaceae spp.) and Cirsium spp.) The bright green larva is extremely well-camouflaged, blending perfectly with the leaf on which it sits. Find the perfect purple hairstreak uk stock photo. In shape it resembles T. quercus, and also somewhat in the arrangement of the hairs, but the discs on the first and last segments are not dark as in quercus, but of the same colour as the rest of the surface; they are without the numerous black points which cover the whole of the rest of the body, but are checkered with dusky markings and lenticles on the anterior segment. The Green Hairstreak is found in a wide range of habitats including moorland, disused quarries and railway lines, scrubby hillsides.and heathland. Before the second moult, about twenty days old, it measures 4.20 mm. In Southern England, one butterfly species found among blackthorn hedgerows is the brown hairstreak. The black hairstreak is the UK's rarest hairstreak, but is more widespread in Europe. White-letter Hairstreak is … The whole surface is densely clothed with short, serrated ochreous spines, each on a pedestal base, similar to the previous stage. The legs are olive-brown. It is also found in parts of Ireland, mainly between Wicklow and South Kerry. Blackthorn and Wild Plum are cut on a rotational basis to provide an ideal egg laying site where young growth, preferred by the Brown Hairstreak, is maintained year on year. The table below shows the occurrence (distribution) and abundance (population) trends, using information from The State of the UK's Butterflies 2015 (Fox, 2015). It also widens out over the last three posterior segments, the anal one being considerably flattened and slightly bifid like the first, with a dilated lateral ridge which is continuous the entire length of the body. The head is shining bronze-black and bears a few excessively fine white hairs. The pupa is formed in a crevice in the ground, amongst the leaf litter or at the base of a plant. Andy Sands / Purple hairstreak butterfly (Neozephyrus quercus) Roosting on an Oak leaf, Hertfordhire, England, UK, June. This butterfly is found across southern England and Wales, with scattered colonies further north. The whole surface is densely sprinkled with minute black points. The purple hairstreak relies entirely on the oak tree to survive, using it as a food source, home and place to lay eggs. Most of the photos of the Purple Hairstreak here are a little misleading: they make it look an easy-to-spot and impressive butterfly, while in reality it is small and often just glimpsed. A dark little butterfly that spends the majority of its life in the tree tops, feeding on honeydew, making it best observed through binoculars. "Eggs laid on July 30th, 1900, and on the following seven days began hatching on April 8th, 1901, remaining eight months in the egg state. Neozephyrus quercus, Neozephyrus quercus longicaudatus, and Neozephyrus quercus iberica. The ventral surface of the abdomen is bare of markings. The long hairs form longitudinal dorsal rows, placed in two pairs on a segment; the anterior pair is very long and curving backwards; immediately in front of these is an exceedingly short pair; both the others have frustum-like bases of a pale olive colour with black summits; just above the spiracle are two very minute, short, curved hairs, and four long ones below on the lateral lobe, three in a line and one below, the central one being the longest; these all project laterally; all the hairs are rough, like white frosted glass, and finely serrated. Purple hairstreak butterfly is relatively common and widespread in suitable habitat (oak woodland and standard mature oaks) within the UK, but has a southerly distribution. On rounding the crown the pattern becomes more open and the points longer, on nearing the base they gradually diminish in size; all the points are connected by a fine network of elevated keels, but the whole pattern is irregular; the ground surface of the egg is finely granular, of a silvery or bluish-grey colour; the reticulations are pure white, resembling opaque frosted glass. Identification difficulty. The Voice of the Land . All the hairs mentioned are serrated, with dark shining bases, and are dark brownish-black with light glassy tips; the claspers have each a couple of simple fine spines. The surface is rather glossy. It requires warm open areas with some scrub and shelter from the wind. I've been craning my neck peering up at the tops of oak trees for years, because these little butterflies don't come down to nectar on flowers; they live on aphid honeydew on the leaves of the tree canopy. Overwintering eggs are particularly vulnerable to hedge-trimming since they are laid on the youngest growth of the foodplant. The spiracular region is mottled with rust-brown on a pale primrose-yellow ground; the dilated lateral line is also primrose colour. When this is removed the rounded anal segment shows a small cluster of extremely minute short spines in place of hooks. The colour is white, and greenish-grey at the bottom of the cells." The distribution data (2000-2009) has been made available through the generosity of Butterfly Conservation and any subspecies distribution is taken from Riley (2007). wide and less in height. long and almost uniformly cylindrical, only being slightly attenuated posteriorly. The flight period is from early July to early September and the adults tend to fly high over the canopy of woodland, particularly around mature oak trees Quercus spp. This stage lasts around 4 weeks. A variety of habitats suit this butterfly including unimproved grassland, railway banks, and woodland rides but scrubby plants or hedgerows must be present. The entire surface is very finely reticulated. The pupa is not attached to anything; it simply lies on its ventral surface, a slight network cocoon spun on the surface of the ground at the base of the moss or other growth." Find the perfect hairstreak butterfly stock photo. It is often difficult to locate, due to its habit of flying in the tree canopy, where it feeds on honeydew. This is one of the latest species to emerge in the British Isles, with adults first seen on the wing in late July or early August. A literary journal @ the Colorado College English Department that's sacred, daring, and visionary. The whole surface is composed of irregular pentagonal cells, which are large and deep and most irregular round the apical third. Directly after emergence the larva measures 1.3 mm. The hairs below the lateral ridge are simple, white and glassy. Browse 427 hairstreak butterfly stock photos and images available, or search for green hairstreak butterfly or black hairstreak butterfly to find more great stock photos and pictures. The head is bronze-black." Habitat Requirements. Locating and identify Elm will give you the opportunity to search for White-letter Hairstreaks. Purple hairstreak (Neozephirus quercus) Auscape Photo Library. The writer then placed some earth and moss at the bottom of the receptacle in which the larva were kept, and the one ready for pupation soon disappeared amongst it (and others did likewise on becoming fully grown) and pupated on May 23rd. ), buckthorns (Frangula alnus and Rhamnus cathartica), Hemp-agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum) and thistles (Carduus spp. It is the female that has bold purple splashes on the upper wing, from which its name derives". Browse 427 hairstreak butterfly stock photos and images available, or search for green hairstreak butterfly or black hairstreak butterfly to find more great stock photos and pictures. The head is very shining olive-black, bearing a number of fine whitish hairs. White-letter Hairstreak is a species solely reliant on Elm (Ulmus) trees as a foodplant to complete its life cycle. The largest of the UK's hairstreaks, the brown hairstreak is an elusive butterfly that spends most of its time either high in the tops of large ash trees (called 'master trees'), or among thick hedges. Click here to see the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid. However, the species can be found in any location where oaks occur, including lanes, parks, and other urban areas. Eggs. Before third moult it measures 9.5 mm. They then disperse and alternate between basking in the warm sunshine, feeding from nectar sources, and egg-laying. This is a warmth-loving butterfly, and is rarely seen on overcast days. This butterfly is not seen in large numbers, as it tends to lay its eggs across a wide area. - Frohawk (1924), "The second moult June 1st, 1902. The golden summer of 2018 saw two of the UK’s rarest butterflies, the large blue and the black hairstreak, enjoy their best years since scientific monitoring began. ‘It was a treat, as well, to see the rare white letter hairstreak butterfly, that spends most of its time in the tops of elm trees, come down to take nectar from some bramble blossom, close enough to see the initial ‘W’ on its underwing.’ Archana Sridhar . 01585046. Laid singly on flowers of host plant. The primary larval foodplant is Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa). It prefers the thick soils and lightly grazed areas on the non-southerly facing slopes on the Commons. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Eggs cdn.butterflyatlas.org. All the hairs and bristles are serrated and have pedestal-like bases with slightly fluted sides. There is a peak at the end of July and early August, or later in Scotland. From July until mid-September, the golden wings of this butterfly soar atop the high branches while it feeds off aphid honeydew. Males have a purple upper wings whereas females have just a purple patch. The Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) is a small butterfly, dark gray in color with an orange spot on each hindwing near the base of the slender tail.Size: 0.75"-1.5" Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Life Cycle Stages and Times long, i.e., when it is nine days old." - Frohawk (1924). A species of rare UK butterfly is under threat after a widespread tree disease caused its only habitat to virtually disappear. A dark little butterfly that spends the majority of its life in the tree tops, feeding on honeydew, making it best observed through binoculars. Check out our hairstreak butterfly selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. The green hairstreak butterfly is the only green coloured butterfly in the UK. Created with Sketch. Butterfly species which can be confused with the White-letter Hairstreak during their flight period are the Holly Blue, Purple Hairstreak and Brown Hairstreak based on their similar size, here binoculars are a very helpful tool should they rest, to aid in identification. long. The ground colour is pale greenish-ochreous. Before the third moult, about twenty-five days old, it measures 9.5 mm. Habitat. Eggs are laid at low density over large areas, but 2 or 3 eggs are found together on occasion. They burrow into the centre of the buds and often so deeply that only the anal segments are exposed." Groups of several individuals chasing one another are not an uncommon sight. Since they are laid on the under side of the same manner as Cyaniris argiolus feeds the! 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